GNOME 2.0 is an open source desktop environment and window manager for UNIX and Linuxsystems. It is now available on all ITS managed Solaris 2.9 workstations on campus.

Starting GNOME

GNOME can be started from the Solaris xdm menu by clicking on the Sessions button and selecting GNOME. Then log into the machine using your USC username and password.


If you have never logged into the SUN workstations before, you may get the following prompt. Select GNOME 2.0 Desktop and click OK.


GNOME will then show its splash screen, load components for a few seconds, then start.

Starting Programs

Pre-defined links to programs can be found in the GNOME (foot) menu in the upper left corner of the screen. Click on the GNOME menu (the foot), then click on Applications. In that menu you will find programs such as Netscape 4, a CD player, gnome-terminal, as well as all of the configuration for GNOME.


Since the programs in this menu account for less than 1% of the total programs available on the Solaris systems, you may still need to make your own links or use a terminal to call other commands and programs. Adding your own links is covered in the Customizing GNOMEsection of this document.

All the programs you run will show up on the Window List bar at the bottom of thescreen. For instance, if you were running a gnome-terminal, your Window List would look like this:

Minimized programs appear in the Window List with a gray icon and their name
in square brackets.

Confirming Changes

It is important to note that there are very few OK or Cancel buttons in GNOME. Most settings you change (pulldown menus, checkboxes, etc.) take effect immediately. You simply need to close the dialog when you are done.


Nautilus is the graphical file browser for GNOME. You can access Nautilus by double-clicking on the username's Home icon on your Desktop. The preferences for Nautilus can be found in the Edit menu under Preferences.


Trash Can

The trash can on your GNOME desktop stores files that are pending deletion. It is an icon under your Home directory called Trash. You can delete files from your home
directory by dragging them to the trash. Nautilus also has a function called Move to Trash. When the Trash is not empty, its icon shows papers in it. It is important to note that files in the Trash continue to take up space on your Solaris account until you right click on the Trash and select Empty Trash, then click on the Empty button.


GNOME Terminal is a GNOME replacement for xterm. It can be found in the GNOME menu under Applications and System Tools. The icon is called Terminal. There is also a launcher for it on the top panel next to the Actions menu by default. GNOME Terminal can be accessed from any X-capable machine connected to a USC Solaris 2.9 machine.So for instance, you can set the remote command for xwin-32 for Windows or X11 for OS X to be /usr/bin/gnome-terminal.

gnome-terminal Tabs

GNOME Terminal supports multiple tabs, which allow you to keep many shells connected to any number of different servers in the same window. You can open new tabs by pressing Control-Shift-T, or by selecting File, New Tab, then any profile from the list. You can switch between tabs by clicking on them or using Control-PageDown.

gnome-terminal Customization and Profiles

You can customize the way GNOME Terminal looks and functions by going to Edit then Profiles.... Select the profile you wish to edit and click on the Edit button. Most of the options in this dialog are pretty straightforward, so it is up to you to explore them and customize the terminal to your liking.
However, it you should make sure Run command as a login shell is selected from the Title and Command tab. This will make sure that important files like your .login and .cshrc are loaded when the terminal starts up.